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Seville says goodbye to its beloved Duchess

Por: | 25 de noviembre de 2014

Last week Seville was plunged into mourning when one of the city’s most beloved and iconic figures, the Duquesa de Alba, passed away at the age of 88. Sad but not unexpected, her end was just as she wished, at home surrounded by friends and family, and the loss has left a massive rift in the city’s soul.

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The Duchess of Alba, who died last week aged 88.

Cayetana, as she was known, was not your typical aristocrat – she was an individualist, free-spirited, someone who forged her own path. The most titled noble in the world, she didn’t have the airs and graces of most high-born – she liked mixing with normal Sevillian folk, and was known for her flamboyant personal style: colourful print dresses worn with ankle bracelets and flowers in her wild grey candy-floss hair (“soy un poco hippyosa”, she said). She was pictured wearing bikinis at the beach well into her 80s. Her preferred residence was the historic Palacio de la Dueñas in Seville rather than the much grander Liria Palace in Madrid where she was born and grew up, and lived during her first marriage. She loved Seville with a passion which endeared her forever to its natives, and always said she felt most at home in the city.

Happy to fight against convention, Cayetana learned to dance flamenco when it was considered highly inappropriate for a young noblewoman, befriending gypsies, hanging out with artists (Picasso wanted to paint her in the nude), and marrying an illegitimate ex-Jesuit priest after her first husband died, positively scandalous in 1970s Spain. When the Duquesa declared her intention to marry for a third time, to a civil servant 25 years her junior (the public view was “Good for you, Cayetana”), her children were dead set against the match, only relenting when she agreed to divide up her estate before the wedding, to ensure that Alfonso Diez, her third husband, didn’t get his mitts on their inheritance. She and Alfonso enjoyed three happy years of marriage, and they travelled together extensively, although her health was failing this year and she hadn’t been seen out much, even missing this year’s Semana Santa (Holy Week) and Feria.

The Duquesa and her family were rarely out of the press and TV gossip programmes, usually for her children’s divorces and dalliances. But the Spanish public are suckers for a tragic heroine – just look at the obsessive, 24-hour coverage of singer Isabel Pantoja as she starts her two-year prison sentence for money laundering. The Duquesa, while being phenomenally wealthy (estimates range from 600 million to 3.5 billion euros) and living to a ripe old age, did not have an easy life in personal terms. Her mother died when she was eight, her father when she was 27, and her first husband when she was 46 leaving her with six children. Having lost one husband to leukemia, her second succumbed to cancer. That’s more tragedy than most of us have to deal with in a lifetime.

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Funeral wreaths from Betis Football Club and Los Gitanos hermandad. / F. FLORES WATSON

 As a massive aficionado of bullfighting, flamenco and Semana Santa, the Sevillanos were bound to take her to their heart. Her first ever boyfriend was a bullfighter, and they remained friends until he died. Her daughter Eugenia, her youngest and most adored child, married a handsome young matador, and even after they divorced, Cayetana remained on very good terms with her ex-son in law, often attending his corridas – indeed he and his girlfriend were guests at her wedding three years ago, where he was pictured dancing with the delighted bride. Their relationship soured during a custody battle over her granddaughter, also called Cayetana, and his absence at her funeral was noted.

Cayetana’s favoured hermandad (brotherhood) in Seville’s Semana Santa (Holy Week) was Los Gitanos, whose church’s restoration she paid for; she rarely missed their procession on La Madrugada (Holy Thursday night). Los Gitanos’ wreath adorned her hearse, and in accordance with her wishes, the Duquesa’s remains were placed in their temple on Friday evening, after the funeral service in the cathedral. This week, the church had to ask people to stop bringing flowers as they couldn’t cope with the avalanche of floral tributes.

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Members of the public watch as the Duchess's funeral procession passes. / P. PUENTES

Another aspect of Sevilla which she loved, was football – she was a big fan of Betis football club. And of course, she loved flamenco – I went to a performance in honour of Camilla Duchess of Cornwall which Cayetana attended. They had met previously at Buckingham Palace, and two Duchesses watching flamenco was a gossip mag dream.  Afterwards the Duquesa greeted the audience in her usual friendly fashion.

I had interviewed her previously, finding her to be a intelligent and cultured woman with a great sense of humour who, despite a voice slowed and slurred by illness, had a youthful spirit. She attended boarding school in England, which she didn’t enjoy very much, while her father was Spanish ambassador, and told me in her perfect English that she loved Claridges hotel in London, and shopping at Selfridges and Marks & Spencer. As an art aficionado, she visited Tate Britain and the National Gallery – her collection is Spain’s most important private one and includes works by Goya, Titian and Velazquez, to which Cayetana herself added Renoir, Chagall and Picasso. Charmed by our conversation, I became increasingly fascinated by her and stood outside her palace on the day of her wedding for hours in the heat with hordes of fans. After a long, hot wait we were rewarded when she came out of her palace, kicked off her shoes and danced flamenco in front of the assembled masses. They – we – were in thrall to this small, slight, octogenarian woman, with such a fierce personality and strong will.

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Devotees wait to pay their respects in Seville's Ayuntamiento. / F. FLORES WATSON

But the Sevillanos’ love for her showed most of all immediately after she died last week. The largest state room of the Ayuntamiento, Salon Colon where civil weddings are held, was used as the “capilla ardiente”, where people come to pay their respects. The Duquesa was laid out in her coffin covered with the flags of Spain and the House of Alba. In less than 24 hours a staggering 80,000 people came to bid her farewell and sign the books of condolence. She was carried out of the Ayuntamiento, accompanied by her family and close friends, to a respectfully silent massed rank of press and public in Plaza Nueva. As the procession made its way down a packed Avenida de la Constitucion to the Cathedral, ripples of applause went through the crowd, with shouts of “Guapa!” and “La queremos mucho y a toda la familia!” (We love you very much and all the family.)

Inside the basilica, under the soaring arches of the world’s largest Gothic cathedral, there were banks of TV screens for the public to watch the funeral mass, and Carlos Amigo Vallejo, former Archbishop Cardinal of Seville, declared the Duquesa to be “noble por herencia y muy, muy noble por corazon” (noble by birth and very, very noble of heart) to the 3,000 friends, family and public in attendance, including Doña Elena, sister of King Felipe. Her widower Alfonso, standing next to his son-in-law, Carlos, now 19th Duke of Alba, couldn’t contain his tears. He was widely considered to have restored her joie de vivre, taking holidays with her to Thailand, Egypt and Paris, always by her side and always paying close attention to her every need. He looked utterly bereft.

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Inside the Cathedral during the Duchess' funeral. / P. PUENTES

The 19th Duke of Alba released a statement on behalf of the family this week, thanking the people of Seville for showing “such deep affection at such a painful time". He went on to say that he would “never forget the profound love which the Sevillanos have shown for my mother the Duchess of Alba both during her life and her death”.

While she was largely adored by people in Seville, the Duchess was not without her detractors. She was one of Spain’s most important terratenientes (landowners) – she had 34,000 hectares, and it is said you could cross Spain from south to north without leaving her lands. A certain proportion of this land was not cultivated, yet she received three million euros a year in EU subsidies, a situation considered grossly unfair by many in Andalucia where about 40% of the population lives below the poverty line.

The Duquesa was accused by the leader of SAT, the Andalucian trade union of jornaleros (day farm labourers, who don’t have work contracts and are paid by the day), of irregularities in her labour force and EU subsidies, and Social Security fraud. She responded by suing him for libel. When she was made an Hija Predilecta de Andalucia, the jornaleros took to the streets in protest, and a statue of her in Seville was vandalised twice shortly after being unveiled.

Another person who had little admiration for Cayetana was Juan Manuel Sanchez Gordillo, the mayor of communist village Marinaleda. He has advocated, and carried out, occupations of unused land in Andalucia, including hers, since the 1980s. Her youngest son Cayetano received major flack when he declared in TV interview that Andalucian youth “had no desire to progress”, unlike in northern or central Spain. Since youth unemployment was around 45% at the time, his comments were seen as especially obtuse. The Duchess was furious with Cayetano, managed to carry out some swift damage limitation by declaring that she was “more Andalucian than anyone”, thereby diluting the effect of his words.

In a recent interview, this eccentric, bohemian aristocrat said she wanted to be remembered most of all as a sevillana. It is beyond doubt that in this warm-blooded southern city, the 18th Duquesa de Alba, Maria de del Rosario Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, will never be forgotten.

Hay 6 Comentarios

Tracy your children certainly deserve a medal if they can remember the whole thing! Yes, her life was full to the brim and I think one of the reasons people, especially here in Seville, loved her so much was because she lived it with such gusto, almost to the end.

Thanks Marianne, there's much more that could be said about her too!

Loved reading this insight into the Duquesa's life and expression of her personality. I really had no idea. Well done, Fiona!

My children have spent hours trying to memorise her incredibly long name! Whatever people thought, she was an incredible character and very interesting life story.

Thanks Kim - she was a wonderful character, but it's always worth remember there may be more than one angle to any story.

Really well written article Fiona. Great how you have shown both sides of the Sevillians' opinion of her.

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Authors (Bloggers)

Chris Finnigan is a freelance journalist based in Barcelona. He writes for Barcelona Metropolitan and is a book reviewer and reader for The Barcelona Review. He is a graduate of the London School of Economics. You can find him on twitter @chrisjfinnigan

Ben Cardew is a freelance journalist, translator and teacher, now resident in Barcelona after growing up gracefully in Scotland via Norwich. He writes for The Guardian, the NME and The Quietus, among others, on everything from music to digital media. You can find him on Twitter @bencardew

Fiona Flores Watson is a freelance journalist, guide and translator who has lived in Seville since 2003, and has been a writer and editor for more than 20 years. She writes for the Guardian, Telegraph and Sunday Times Travel Magazine. Originally from Essex, Fiona is also Consulting Editor of Andalucia.com and has her own blog, Scribbler in Seville. She has been contributing to Trans-Iberian since 2014 and tweets at @Seville_Writer

Jeff Brodsky is a freelance writer. He arrived in Barcelona in 2013 via an admittedly indirect route, living in Chicago, Arizona, Seville, Amsterdam, North Carolina and Madrid. Despite not having stepped foot in Seville for over five years, he still speaks Spanish with an Andalusian accent. Jeff’s writing has been published in newspapers and magazines in America and Europe.

Koren Helbig is an Australian freelance journalist and blogger enjoying a life of near-eternal sunshine in Alicante. She writes for publications in Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, focusing on stories exploring smart and positive approaches to social issues. She hangs out on Twitter at @KorenHelbig and keeps a selection of her favourite stories at korenhelbig.com.

Julie Pybus lives in a small off-grid house on a hillside in Catalunya. She usually focuses on helping charities and social enterprises with their publications and websites, but has also written for The Guardian, Country Living and The Observer. Julie launched and runs a hyperlocal website which endeavors to increase understanding between the different nationalities in her area perelloplus.com. @JuliePybus

Paul Louis Archer is a freelance photographer, multimedia storyteller and artist educator. A cross-disciplinary worker, who endeavors to encompass the mediums of photography, audio design and writing. Born in Hertfordshire of an English father and Spanish mother. Based in the United Kingdom. @PaulLouisArcher

Vicki McLeod is a freelance writer and photographer. She has lived in Mallorca since 2004. Vicki writes about her beloved island for The Majorca Daily Bulletin, the only daily English language paper in Spain; produces regular columns for the Euro Weekly News, and articles for Spain-Holiday.com. Vicki runs PR strategies for several businesses in Mallorca and London as well as working on her own blogs and projects. She and her husband, Oliver Neilson, supply photo and text content for private clients via @phoenixmediamlr. She tweets at @mcleod_vicki.

Born in Newcastle upon Tyne and based in Barcelona, Alx Phillips writes about contemporary art, dance and theatre in a way that human beings can understand. For more previews, reviews, interviews and extras, check: www.lookingfordrama.com.

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